Special open enrollment period for health insurance extended to Aug. 15; new rules expand who qualifies

The special open enrollment period for people to buy government-subsidized health insurance on the federal marketplace has been extended by three months to Aug. 15.

President Joe Biden made the announcement to extend the special enrollment period on March 23, the 11th anniversary of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act becoming law. It was originally set to end May 15.

The special enrollment period includes enhanced premium subsidies, also known as tax credits, to help offset the cost of the marketplace’s health insurance plans. It also makes more people eligible for the subsidies and eliminates repayments that may be required when people reconcile their tax return with the tax credit they received.

The enhanced subsidies, along with several other health-related provisions, were authorized under the $1.9 trillion relief-and-stimulus law and are aimed at making coverage more affordable for people who already have marketplace coverage, who are uninsured or have lost their employer coverage.

Open enrollment is usually open for only six weeks at the end of a year, except for those who experience a “qualifying life event,” like getting married or losing a job.

Under the relief bill, subsidized premiums will drop an average of $50 per person per month, according to a federal fact sheet. It also says four out of five enrollees will be able to find a plan for $10 or less per month after the tax credit, and most will be able to find a “silver” plan for $10 or less. Silver plans have the second-lowest costs and are the benchmarks used to calculate the tax credits.

Under the ACA, only people with incomes between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level were eligible for a tax credit to reduce their premiums for marketplace coverage.

The new rules remove that cap for two years and allow people with incomes above 400% of the poverty level ($51,040 for an individual) to be eligible for the enhanced subsides.

It also limits the amount a person would pay for a plan to 8.5% of household income, down from 9.83%. The federal government picks up the slack.

For example, Kaiser Health News reports that a typical single person who makes $30,000 a year will pay $85 per month for a silver plan instead of $195, according to an analysis by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. A family of four making $75,000 will pay $340 rather than $588 per month for similar coverage, the analysis found.

The Kentucky Center for Economic Policy reports that the relief bill’s provisions mean that many who earn between 139% of the poverty level ($17,900 for an individual) and 150% of the federal poverty level ($19,320 for an individual) can find plans with zero premiums.

In Kentucky, anyone earning up to 138% of the federal poverty line qualifies for Medicaid, which is free of charge.

The savings are available to both new and existing enrollees and will start on April 1. They will be available for two years. They will help the 77,800 Kentuckians who are already covered by marketplace plans, and open enrollment to more Kentuckians.

Kaiser Health News has a list of things to do to determine whether you qualify for an enhanced subsidy:

• People with marketplace coverage through healthcare.gov should update their applications and reselect their current plan to get details about their subsidies that will start on April 1.

• The more generous premium tax credits may mean that a person can switch to better coverage with lower cost-sharing for the same contribution, although Kaiser Health News cautions that switching plans may mean any money paid toward a deductible under the current plan could be lost — so check with your insurer before making a switch.

• People who have already bought a 2021 plan on the marketplace that didn’t qualify for a premium tax credit under the ACA will need to enroll again to get the new premium tax credit.

• Recipients of unemployment insurance benefits in 2021 are urged to enroll in a marketplace plan now. Under the new law, unemployed workers can get a zero-premium plans in 2021.

The Kaiser Family Foundation offers a Health Insurance Marketplace Calculator to help people estimate how much their marketplace coverage would cost with the relief bill’s changes.

The bill also requires the federal government to pay 100% of COBRA insurance premiums for eligible employees who lose their jobs (and for their covered relatives) through September, allowing them to stay on their company-sponsored health plans. This provision is especially important for people with medical conditions because it allows them to keep their coverage and existing providers.