Today in History

Published 12:01 am Saturday, January 19, 2019

Today is Saturday, Jan. 19, the 19th day of 2019. There are 346 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Jan. 19, 1955, a presidential news conference was filmed for television and newsreels for the first time, with the permission of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

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On this date:

In 1807, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.

In 1809, author, poet and critic Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston.

In 1861, Georgia became the fifth state to secede from the Union.

In 1915, Germany carried out its first air raid on Britain during World War I as a pair of Zeppelins dropped bombs onto Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in England.

In 1937, millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

In 1942, during World War II, Japanese forces captured the British protectorate of North Borneo. A German submarine sank the Canadian liner RMS Lady Hawkins off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, killing 251 people; 71 survived.

In 1944, the federal government relinquished control of the nation’s railroads to their owners following settlement of a wage dispute.

In 1953, CBS-TV aired the widely watched episode of “I Love Lucy” in which Lucy Ricardo, played by Lucille Ball, gave birth to Little Ricky. (By coincidence, Ball gave birth the same day to her son, Desi Arnaz Jr.)

In 1966, Indira Gandhi was chosen to be prime minister of India by the National Congress party.

In 1977, President Gerald R. Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D’Aquino, an American convicted of treason for making radio broadcasts aimed at demoralizing Allied troops in the Pacific Theater during World War II. (Although she was popularly referred to as “Tokyo Rose,” D’Aquino never used that name.)

In 1981, the United States and Iran signed an accord paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.

In 1998, “rockabilly” pioneer Carl Perkins died in Jackson, Tennessee, at age 65.

Ten years ago: Russia and Ukraine signed a deal restoring natural gas shipments to Ukraine and paving the way for an end to the nearly two-week cutoff of most Russian gas to a freezing Europe.

Five years ago: An Islamic militant group in Russia’s North Caucasus claimed responsibility for recent twin bombings in the southern city of Volgograd and posted a video threatening to strike at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. Peyton Manning threw for 400 yards and two touchdowns to lead Denver to a 26-16 victory over New England and send the AFC champion Broncos to their first trip to the Super Bowl in 15 years. Russell Wilson threw a 35-yard touchdown pass on fourth down and Seattle’s top-ranked defense forced two late turnovers, lifting the Seahawks into their second Super Bowl with a 23-17 victory over the San Francisco 49ers for the NFC championship.

One year ago: The Supreme Court agreed to decide the legality of the latest version of President Donald Trump’s ban on travel to the United States by residents of six majority-Muslim countries. (A sharply divided court would uphold the ban in a 5-4 decision in June.) Olympic gold medalist Aly Raisman joined dozens of other women and girls in confronting her former doctor, Larry Nassar, at his sentencing hearing for multiple sexual assaults; she warned him that the testimony of the “powerful army” of survivors would haunt him in prison. After a record year in per-capita homicides, Baltimore’s mayor fired the city’s police commissioner, Kevin Davis, replacing him with Deputy Commissioner Darryl DeSousa. Amazon announced that it was raising the monthly price of its Prime membership plan by nearly 20 percent, to $12.99. (The fee for an annual membership would also rise 20 percent a few months later, to $119 a year.)

Today’s Birthdays: Former U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar is 99. Actress Tippi Hedren is 89. Former PBS newsman Robert MacNeil is 88. Movie director Richard Lester is 87. Actor-singer Michael Crawford is 77. Actress Shelley Fabares is 75. Country singer Dolly Parton is 73. Former ABC newswoman Ann Compton is 72. TV chef Paula Deen is 72. Rock singer Martha Davis is 68. Singer Dewey Bunnell (America) is 67. Actor Desi Arnaz Jr. is 66. Actress Katey Sagal is 65. Comedian Paul Rodriguez is 64. Conductor Sir Simon Rattle is 64. Reggae musician Mickey Virtue (UB40) is 62. Rock musician Jeff Pilson (Foreigner) is 61. Actor Paul McCrane is 58. Actor William Ragsdale is 58. Basketball coach Jeff Van Gundy is 57. International Tennis Hall of Famer Stefan Edberg is 53. Rock singer Whitfield Crane (Ugly Kid Joe) is 51. Singer Trey Lorenz is 50. Actor Shawn Wayans is 48. Rock singer-musician John Wozniak (Marcy Playground) is 48. Actress Drea de Matteo is 47. Comedian-impressionist Frank Caliendo is 45. Actor Drew Powell is 43. Actress Marsha Thomason is 43. Actress Bitsie Tulloch is 38. Actress Jodie Sweetin is 37. Movie director Damien Chazelle is 34. Actress Shaunette Renee Wilson is 29. Actor Logan Lerman is 27. Olympic gold medal gymnast Shawn Johnson is 27. Rapper Taylor Bennett is 23. Actress Lidya Jewett is 12.